A comparison of the cost of public, private and international adoptions
People who may be interested in adoption often do not take the next step because they have heard that adoption is very expensive. But is this true or not?
Public adoption in Canada, that is, adopting a child who is in foster care, is not expensive at all. Usually the only costs families bear in adopting through the foster system are costs associated with criminal record checks and medical assessments. These usually total under $300.
The provincial government covers the remaining costs involved. In some provinces, in fact, the government will provide some form of ongoing financial support to the family, ranging from payments for services needed to parent the child (i.e., medical services, counselling, respite care), to a monthly subsidy that follows the child until they are an adult.
Private and international adoptions, however, can be very expensive. Here’s a look at what all that money pays for.
Costs range from about $5,000 to $20,000, averaging about $12,000.
These costs cover the work of the adoption provider. This is usually an agency, but in some areas it may be a licensee and/or social worker. Your payment allows them to:
There may be additional expenses for travel if a worker has to drive a significant distance to work with the birth parent and/or facilitate the placement. Be sure to ask about these costs when you choose an agency.
Adoption agencies can give you cost estimates and a schedule of when fees will be charged. Usually you will be asked to pay for each service as it is provided.
Costs range from about $15,000 to over $50,000, and depend on the country and program you choose.
The fee covers expenses that fall into three broad categories:
Often families are asked to travel on short notice, minimizing opportunities for cost-efficient travel. Some programs offer escort services either to assist families while in the country, or to bring the child home to you, but this service has fees attached, too.
You may have some control over these expenses. The program you choose should be able to give you a reliable estimate that’s based on what other families have had to pay to complete an adoption.
The Canadian government provides tax benefits to Canadian families who incur adoption expenses. Check out this link to find out what deductions you can claim.
© 2011 Focus on the Family (Canada) Association. All rights reserved.
And whoever welcomes a little child like this in my name welcomes me.Matthew 18:5
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Waiting to Belong started as a movement to help the more than 30,000 kids in Canada who are waiting to be adopted. Our goal is to see as many waiting kids as possible be placed into loving, forever families. We work to shape realistic perceptions of adoption and to encourage the body of Christ to come alongside adoptive families in practical, loving ways.